Frans Hogenburg (1535 – 1590) was a German copper etcher and engraver.
Between 1572 and 1618 he published together with Georg Braun an atlas called Civitates Orbis Terrarum. It compiled more than 600 true to reality maps and views of cities. In six volumes Hogenburg and Braun covered all known big cities in Europe, Africa, Asia and even America of their time. While the theologian Braun functioned as editor, Hogenburg etched the maps for the first four volumes. After his death Simon van den Neuwel did the etchings for the last two volumes.
Our knowledge of medieval city structure and architecture before the 30 years war and before Baroque rebuilding along with information about clothing and heralding is mainly based on the Civitates Orbis Terrarum. Reproductions of it are a rare and sought for collectors’ item.